Gwadar is a port city under the phase of development in Pakistan on southwestern of Arabian Sea cosat. Gwadar is the district headquarter of the Gwadar District in the province of Balochistan. The population of Gwadar is 50,000. If we take whole region as a funnel. The top of the funnel is wide area of Central Asia and western region of China. This funnel gets narrowed on through Afghanistan and Pakistan and the end of this funnel is Gwadar Port. Gwadar Port can serve as an alternative route for Chinese trade in the Indian Ocean. Before the development of Gwadar it was only a fishing village. Gwadar is known to be the World’s Largest Deep Sea-port.
The location of Gwadar is on the coast of Pakistan in the province of Balochistan. There are two hammer head peninsula (cape) of almost perfect in size, but naturally bent, crescent shaped bays on the either side. The city is situated on 12 Km (approx. 7.5 miles) long isthmus (peninsula) which connect the coastal area of Pakistan to the outcropping in Arabian sea known as Gwadar or Koh-e-Batil, which reach an altitude of about 480 feet (146 meter) and it is extended about approximately 11 Km (7 miles) with approxmate breath of 1.75 Km (1 mile). The 244 meters (800 feet) wide cape (isthmus) upon which the Gwadar is located is separated into two almost perfect sem-circular bays. The east of the cape (isthmus) is the deep water Demi Zirr harbor on which Gwadar Port is built. The west part is Paddi Zir which is generally not so deep and the average depth is 3.5 meters (12 feet) and maximum depth is 9 meters about 30 feet. The northern area of Gwadar Parometory is flat and barren.
The Gwadar has desert climate. The rainfall in Gwadar is very low during the year. There is high variation between the temperature of winter and summer. Due to influence of ocean the temperature is higher in winter and lower in summer as compared to the inland. The mean temperature in the coolest month January varies between 18º Centigrade to 19º Centigrade. The average temperature in the June which is the hottest month remains 31º Centigrade to 32º Centigrade. Generally the temperature of Markan Costal region remains uniform throughout the year. In winter winds moving down Balochistan bring cold to the Markan coastal region otherwise the temperature in winter is pleasant. In Gwadar summers are longer than winter. Gwadar is located outside the monsoon region. In summers from June to August it receives light monsoon showers. In winter there may be heavy rainfall due to the Western disturbance. Annual rainfall is only about 3 inches (100mm). In 2010 cyclone phet hit the Gwadar and the previous record of rains are broken and reaches to 14.5 inches (372 mm) and the speed of the wind reaches to 120 Km/h or 75 miles/h.